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It is almost the first thing I teach my first-year students. al., : Biostratigraphy: Time Scales from Graphic and Quantitative Methods,” , 2004, p. The rocks do date the fossils, but the fossils date the rocks more accurately.Ever since William Smith at the beginning of the 19th century, fossils have been and still are the best and most accurate method of dating and correlating the rocks in which they occur. 49.) “Are the authorities maintaining, on the one hand, that evolution is documented by geology and, on the other that geology is documented by evolution? Stratigraphy cannot avoid this kind of reasoning, if it insists on using only temporal concepts, because circularity is inherent in the derivation of time scales.” (O’Rourke, J.To put it another way, ‘good’ dates are those that agree with the field data.” (Mc Kee, B., , 1972, p.25.) “We define stratigraphic disorder as the departure from perfect chronological order of fossils in a stratigraphic sequence.Stratigraphic disorder is produced by the physical or biogenic mixing of fossiliferous sediments, and the reworking of older, previously deposited hard parts into younger sediments.
Strangely, little effort has been made to test this assumption.
…And this poses something of a problem: If we date the rocks by the fossils, how can we then turn around and talk about the pattern of evolutionary change through time in the fossil record? 52) “…the record of evolution, like any other historical record, must be construed within a complex of particular and general preconceptions, not the least of which is the hypothesis that evolution has occurred.” (Kitts, David B., , 1979, pp. 67.) “Evolution, at least in the sense that Darwin speaks of it, cannot be detected within the lifetime of a single observer.